Equine First Aid

You should always keep a first aid kit near your horse whether at the stable, travelling or competing. Aireworth Vets are only a phone call away 24/7 and the vet is often able to give advice on the phone whilst they are on their way. 

Regardless of the situation, it is important to remember some key points:

1. Keep the horse as calm as possible - your own calm behaviour will help achieve this.

2. If possible move the animal to a safe, dry, well lit area where it is unlikely to further injure itself.

3. Delegate responsibilities to others if you can such as talking to the vet, retreiving first aid kit, holding the horse, obtaining clean water etc.

4. Notify the vet immediately if you see any of the following:

    Excessive bleeding

    Entire skin thickness has been penetrated

    A wound near or over the joint

    Any structure(s) underlying the skin is/are visible

    Non-weight bearing lame

    Wound is contaminated

5. Be prepared with information about the horse's condition, name, address and location.

6. Listen and follow any vet instructions.

7. Use your first aid kit while waiting or to treat superficial wounds which are none of the above.


First Aid Kit Contents

Latex Examination Gloves - worn to prevent contamination to yourself/wound.

Iodine Solution Diluted - e.g. Medidine is diluted by approx 10ml to 1l of water. Use to flush any contaminated wounds or foot abscesses, it acts as a disinfectant. Do NOT use neat on wounds!

Sterile Gauze Swabs - Use when cleaning wounded areas with the Iodine solution.

Saline - Use to flush fresh wounds before applying bandaging.

Wound Dressings/Self Adhesive Tape - e.g. Zorbopads are sterile non-adherent double-sided absorbent wound pads. They can be applied to wounds to prevent contamination.

Pads/Wraps - e.g. Soffban provides a padded layer that can be secured with a self-adhering vetwrap to cover the wound and secure the Zorbopad. It will help prevent wound contamination and reduce excessive bleeding.

Poultice Wound Dressing - e.g. Animalintex can be used as a hot or cold poultice for treating foot abscesses, sprains, wounds or foot conditions. Secure with vetwrap and/or black tape to prevent contamination.

Blunt-tipped Bandage Scissors - A pair of scissors are invaluable in a first aid kit for many reasons!

Rectal Thermometer - An adult horse's normal temperature is between 99.0 and 101.0 degrees faranheit. A foal is usually between 100.0 and 102.0 degrees faranheit.

Derma Gel - This is an isotonic formulation available in gel indicated for intensive and rapid skin care. It ensures a uniform porus barrier of protection against bacterial attack, foreign contaminants, avoid dessication and maintaining an ideal percentage of moisture for wound healing.


Please contact the practice on 01535 602988 if you would like to order any of the items recommended.